断片綴(針竿関係)/A handbook of survey techniques| 琉球・沖縄関係貴重資料 デジタルアーカイブ

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断片綴(針竿関係)/A handbook of survey techniques

解説(Description)

  • 日本語
  • English

1736年から1751年まで沖縄島および周辺諸島で実施された乾隆検地の測量技法に関する帳簿で、乾隆16(1751)年成立。
「三角竿之法」「竿割之法」「針図之法」「新村組立之仕様」「地配分之仕様」「印土手并針図之事」「新竿入仕明并仕残り
仕明之事」などで立項されている。乾隆検地時において作成された測量関係の帳簿は計3215冊、図帳は計58冊であったことが
書かれてある。また耕地や屋敷地など測量方法が図入りで解説されており、当時の測量技術のレベルを知るうえでも貴重である。

Title: Danpen tsuzuri (A handbook of survey techniques).

This is a record regarding the survey techniques used when the land surveys called kenryū kenchi were conducted
on Okinawa Island and its neighboring islands from 1736 to 1751. This record was completed in 1751. It consists of the
following sections: "Sankaku zao no hō (triangulation method)," "Sao wari no hō (a survey method for dividing a land
into two equal parts)," "Harizu no hō" (a survey method for drawing a land survey map)," "Shin mura kumitate no shiyō
(a survey method when creating a new village)," "Jihaibun no shiyō (a method for dividing a land into several equal
parts)," "Shirubedote narabini harizu no koto (explanation for a supplementary control point [zukonten] and important
points for survey maps)," "Shin zaoire shiake narabini shinokori shiakeno koto (explanation for a survey method of
a newly-approved and cultivated land or a cultivated land scheduled to be surveyed)."

According to this book, 3,215 reports and 58 diagram notes were made during the time of kenryū kenchi. Also,
the methods of residential and agricultural land surveys with illustrations are described in this book. It is a valuable
document to learn the level of survey techniques at the time.

(Updated on March 7, 2016)

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