南島志 全| 琉球・沖縄関係貴重資料 デジタルアーカイブ

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南島志 全

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江戸時代の学者・政治家新井白石が著した体系的で近世最高の沖縄研究書。享保4(1719)年に脱稿。白石は、宝永7(1710)年の江戸立ち使者美里朝禎・豊見城朝匤の両王子と正徳4(1714)年の与那城朝直・金武朝祐両王子、知念朝上・勝連盛祐両親方、程順則、玉城朝薫、曽暦ら琉球使節と面談し、薩摩藩からも琉球事情を聴取し、本史料をまとめた。琉球の世系・官職・風俗・物産など全般にわたる情報が含まれており、チェンバレンに先行して日琉同祖論を展開した。本史料は、奥付がなく、板行年など不明。

"Nanto shi" was written by Arai Hakuseki who was a scholor and politician during Edo Period. This book was considered to be well-structured, the greatest academic document on Okinawan studies during the early modern age. He finished writing in1719. He met with Misato Tomosada and Tomigusuku Chokyo who left Edo for Ryukyu in 1710, and with other Ryukyuan delegates such as Yonagusuku Tomonao and Kin Tomosuke, Chinen Tomoue, Katsuren Seiyu, Tei Junsoku, Tamagusuku Chokun and Sokan. He also interviewed people of Satsuma domain and listened in the matters of Ryukyu from them, and wrote this book. It contained genealogical research, local customs and manners and produce and government posts. He advanced Jappan-Ryukyu homoeologous-theory and it preceded that of Basil Hall Chamberlain.

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